Pregnancy Trimester- Stages of Pregnancy For Mother And Fetus

Pregnancy trimesters are the three stages of the normal 40 weeks pregnancy divided into three months each. These stages of pregnancy are crucial both for the mother and for the child. The mother experiences many physical and emotional changes as she nurtures a new life inside her. Similarly the baby develops gradually in its first home-womb of the mother.

First Trimester Pregnancy

First pregnancy trimester is marked from conception to 12 or 14 weeks from the last normal menstrual cycle. During this stage a woman often experiences morning sickness (vomiting and nausea}, tiredness, tender breast and frequent urination. It is recommended to take small frequent meals to prevent nausea. You may have alternate periods of activity and rest. Walking is the best exercise at this stage.

Changes In Baby

The embryo’s eyes, ears, nose and digestive system begin to form in this stage of pregnancy. The heart starts beating. The embryo is about 2.5 cm long and weighs 2g.

Second Trimester Pregnancy

Beginning of the fourth month marks the second pregnancy trimester. At this stage of pregnancy, you may regain your lost energy as morning sickness disappears. You may notice increased vaginal discharge due to hormonal changes in body. Braxton Hicks contractions, which are contractions and relaxation of the uterus, which is often misunderstood as false labor contractions, are experienced. Low back pain and swelling of the feet and ankles may occur. Mild yogic exercises under the supervision of the trainer may help relieve the problem. Kegel exercise i.e. tightening the muscle around the vagina and anus should be done in this stage of pregnancy. This would tone and strengthen the pelvic muscles that take part during the labor contractions. Stretch marks-a great sign of worry for the-to-be moms may be visible. Avoid itching the abdominal area to reduce the chances of pregnancy stretch marks.

Changes In Baby

Moms can feel excited during this pregnancy trimester as the movements of the baby starts with the development of muscles. Fingernails and toenails appear and the heart is completely developed. A small amount of hair appears on the baby’s head, eyebrows and eyelashes emerge. Baby weighs about 300gm and is 10 inches long.

Third Trimester of Pregnancy

This is the last of the pregnancy trimesters that extends from 28 –40 weeks. The mothers may have sleepless nights thinking of the arrival of their newborn and of the pain they may undergo during child birth. Braxton Hicks contractions become intense in this stage of pregnancy. You may feel tired and short of breath due to increased growth of the fetus.

Changes In Baby

Baby attains its full size and weight at the end of this trimester, which is 16inches and 2100g for a healthy baby. The organs and systems are fully matured.

In the course of the three pregnancy trimesters, the baby grows from a fetus to a human with all its systems developed in miniature. This is the miracle of birth.

Pregnancy trimester is a period of three months. Pregnancy period for humans is divided into three trimesters of three month each. Each trimester of pregnancy corresponds to different stages of pregnancy. First Trimester Pregnancy is more eventful as it is the time when one witnesses early pregnancy symptoms such as morning sickness. Special care is needed in this stage of pregnancy

Pregnancy And Lower Back Pain – How You Can Cope

If you are pregnant, and have already begun to have noticeable lower back pain, talk to your obstetrician. You may be a candidate for chiropractic manipulation or physical therapy. The exercises described in this article should not be attempted by anyone who is already experiencing lower back pain.

Exercises Before You Become Pregnant
If you are not yet pregnant, you will help your body withstand the stresses of becoming pregnant by building up the muscles in your abdomen. The abdominal muscles are one of the main supports for the lower back; lower back pain can be directly connected to abdominal muscles which are not strong.

If you develop your abdominal muscles prior to you pregnancy, they will regain their much more quickly once you have delivered your baby. If your abdominal muscles regain their strength quickly, you will be reducing your risk of getting lower back pain following your pregnancy.

One effective exercise for toning your abdomen is to lie on your back on the floor, lift your legs into the air and do a bicycling motion. Another is to use a large balancing ball to do abdominal crunches.

Exercises If You Are Pregnant
Even if you have already become pregnant, you can still perform some abdominal exercises without worrying about harming either your baby or yourself. Reverse crunches, side crunches, and modified crunches, performed while leaning against a pile of pillows to keep you from lying flat are all abdominal strengthening techniques which will keep the weight of you extra pregnancy pounds from causing you lower back pain.

You can also wear low-heeled, comfortable shoes with plenty support throughout your pregnancy to relieve stress on your spinal column. And consider using a maternity support belt when you will be walking or standing for any length of time.

When your baby has been delivered, and your obstetrician has given you the all-clear, you can return to doing standard abdominal strengthening exercises. Even if you underwent delivery by Caesarean section, you can work on your abdominals as long as you doctor knows what you are doing and has okayed it. Exercises appropriate for women who have delivered by C-section include Kegel exercises and isometric gluteal and abdominal contractions.

a Healthy Pregnancy

To find the correct muscles to target, pretend that you are trying to stop urinating. Squeeze those muscles for a few seconds and then relax. Repeat this every few seconds. It’s as simple as that. Nobody even has to know that you’re doing them. Just make sure you breathe while doing the kegal exercises.

It’s important that you don’t overdo your kegel exercise in the first few weeks after birth. Otherwise, you may become very sore. Three sets of ten repetitions per day is probably ideal.

So, What are some other healthy exercises that can be performed during pregnancy? Some of the best ones are listed below.

Swimming: Many doctors and fitness professionals profess that swimming is the safest exercise for pregnant women. Swimming keeps your body tone without stressing your joints. This is a safe cardiovascular exercise that can help keep you toned throughout your pregnancy.

Walking: Walking is one of the best exercises overall and especially if you are pregnant. It’s safe for your body and it can keep you in great shape. Be sure to stretch thoroughly before hand. Set attainable goals and always wear good shoes.

Yoga: Yoga has a reputation for relieving the stress and pressure in your body. Most forms of yoga are safe when you are pregnant as long as you avoid the more rigorous ones. Some Yoga instructors even offer special classes for pregnant women. While doing yoga, avoid lying flat on your back and try not to over stretch.

With proper kegal exercise and safe cardiovascular workouts, you are well on your way to a healthy pregnancy.

Kegal Exercises During Pregnancy

You probably became familiar with Kegel exercises during your pregnancy. Kegel exercises are equally important after pregnancy to help restore the tone and strength of your vaginal wall.

Kegel exercises help strengthen your pelvic muscles, which weaken during childbirth. Why would you want to strengthen these muscles? If they are weak, you could have bladder control problems. You may also find that intercourse is more fulfilling when you have control of your kegel muscles.

Not sure how to do your Kegel’s? Pretend that you are trying to stop the flow of urine the next time you are sitting on the toilet (or anywhere for that matter). Those are the very muscles you need to contract in order to do your Kegels. You can also insert a finger into your vagina and try squeezing just like you are trying to stop the flow of urine. If you feel tightness around your finger, you are performing the exercise correctly.

Be sure when you are doing your Kegel’s that you concentrate on the pelvic floor muscles specifically; try not to do any other exercises. You should squeeze for about 15 seconds several times per day.

It is important that you don’t overdo your Kegel’s particularly in the early weeks after birth, or you may become very sore. Consider working up to doing three sets of ten repetitions over the course of the day.

Exercising Through Pregnancy

Sure, you get to go out shopping for new exercise clothing, but exercising through your pregnancy is beneficial in a variety of other ways. It helps you control your weight during pregnancy and makes it easier to lose weight after your baby is born. It keeps your muscles toned and flexible, for shorter and easier labor and delivery. You will also be less prone to suffer from depression, constipation, back aches and varicose veins.

Some forms of exercise or sports should be avoided by pregnant women. Swimming and water aerobics provide great cardio workouts and tone your body, while the water supports your weight, virtually eliminating stress to your joints. On the other hand, because water and snow skiing and horseback riding increase your risk of falling, you should avoid them. Cycling and stair-climbing provide good cardio workouts, too, especially if you use a stationary bike and add handrails to your stair-climber to reduce the risk of falling.

If aerobic exercise is part of your fitness regimen before pregnancy, you should be able to continue with it. Many gyms and clubs offer pregnancy aerobics classes. They’re not only safe, but fun, and the social interaction with other pregnant women can be an additional bonus!

Kegel exercises strengthen your pelvic floor, which may help you have an easier birth by aiding in controlling your muscles during labor and delivery. You will be far less likely to have bladder leaks and hemorrhoids during pregnancy, and Kegel exercises are recommended to regain bladder control and aid in perineal healing after delivery. They are easy to do and can be done at any time, in any place, because no one will ever know you’re doing them!

Yoga is another way to help you stay fit during pregnancy. Yoga relieves stress and pressure in your body, and you can safely practice it at home with a Yoga video for pregnant women. Avoid the more rigorous exercises and those that must be done lying flat on your back. In your second and third trimesters, lying flat on your back decreases blood flow to your womb, which is not good for you or your baby!

If you’re already in the habit of running or jogging, you may be able to continue doing it during your pregnancy. Just be sure to ask your doctor if it’s safe for you. Walking is great exercise, too! It’s easier on your joints than running and jogging, but still gives you a good workout. With all three exercises, do warm-up stretches, be sure to stay well-hydrated, don’t allow yourself to become overheated, and wear comfortable, slip-proof shoes that provide the foot support you need.

If you don’t exercise at a health club, it’s a good idea to have an exercise partner. A partner gives you someone to talk to, can “spot” for you so your not as likely to fall or strain muscles and comes in really handy during the later stages of your pregnancy when it’s difficult to get off the floor (or the sofa) without a helping hand!

Remember, before you start a pregnancy exercise routine, or make changes to your current one, always ask your doctor if it’s OK to make these changes. If at any time during exercising you experience dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath, chest pain or vaginal bleeding, immediately stop. If symptoms persist, see your doctor.

Exercising through your pregnancy helps keep you healthy and fit! And did I mention that you get to go shopping?

Exercise During Pregnancy

One of the best things you can do for yourself and your unborn child during pregnancy is exercise. There are numerous studies that show that women who exercise during pregnancy are more likely to have easy labor and deliveries and faster recoveries.

Before you start any exercise program during pregnancy it is essential that you consult with your healthcare provider. For some women it may be more dangerous than beneficial to exercise during pregnancy.

Once you get the go ahead from your doctor, you can embark on an exercise program that is suitable to your stage in pregnancy.

Here are just a few of the benefits associated with exercise during pregnancy:

– Exercise helps combat fatigue.

– Exercise helps minimize back pain because it helps strengthen back muscles.

– Exercise can help promote a smaller amount of fat gain during pregnancy.

– Exercise provides an exceptional form of stress relief.

– Women who exercising during pregnancy are less likely to experience difficult labors.

– Women who exercise during pregnancy are more likely to return to their pre-pregnancy weight faster and recover more quickly after delivery.

There are some forms of activity that are better than others during pregnancy. Certain exercises can help promote physical fitness and are less likely to result in injury. Among the best exercises for pregnant moms include:

– Walking

– Swimming

– Stretching

– Yoga

– Pilates

– Dancing

– Stationary Cycling

– Low Impact Prenatal Aerobics