The penis is the external male sexual organ. The penis can be adversely affected by a variety of disorders and illnesses that range in severity from simple swelling to impotence. Any time an out of the ordinary occurrence befalls the penis, the man should get immediate assistance from a knowledgeable medical professional.
One of the simplest penis-related disorders is that of foreskin swelling. Foreskin swelling can occur from aggravation caused by sexual activity and even masturbation. Foreskin swelling is also known as Oedema and is usually harmless to the penis and surrounding genitalia as long as there remains to be adequate blood flow and the foreskin is located in the correct place. Even though it is relatively harmless, sufferers of Oedema should consult a physician if conditions persist as Oedema has been linked to chronic heart disease in the past.
Another condition of the penis and foreskin is that of paraphimosis. Paraphimosis a condition described by the inability to freely move the foreskin over the glans. This is caused most often by excess fluid trapped in the foreskin while it is trapped in the retracted position, however it can also occur from intense sexual activity after which there is an accumulation of fluid in the foreskin. Paraphimosis tends to resolve itself, however if it persists for more than a few hours, it is probably a good idea to consult a physician.
Another common penis disorder is that of Peyronie’s disease. Peyronie’s disease is an unnatural curvature of the penis that is caused by built-up anomalous scar tissue. Generally, surgery is not needed to correct Peyronie’s disease in all but the most severe cases.
The pudendal nerve can be damaged by trauma caused by an accident or hard bicycle seats. These can damage and entrap the pedendal nerve causing pain upon sitting, a numb sensation or even pain during orgasm. It is often confused with a condition with similar symptoms caused by diabetes or peripheral neuropathy.
The penis is a muscle so like any other muscle in the body the penis can be bent excessively and even torn as a result. Fractures to penile tissue should be treated as soon as possible in order to avoid possible permanent damage.
A painful condition that occurs when the penis cannot return to its naturally flaccid state after a prolonged erection is known as priapism. Priapism can cause thrombosis, ischaemia, and even impotence. Some of the most severe cases of priapism have resulted in gangrene, leading to necessary amputation.
Of all the penis disorders known, the best known is that of the inability to reach and maintain an erect penis. Known as impotence or erectile dysfunction, impotence can be caused by a wide variety of reasons, both psychological and physical.